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News

Custom build scheme outlined for Oxfordshire village

Plans submitted for seven detached custom build homes on two-acre site near Henley-on-Thames

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Greater London Authority launches self/custom build register

List will gauge city-wide interest in programme which could see councils allocate plots of land across the city

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Self builders sought to deliver 39-home scheme on Dartmoor

Councillor aims to voluntarily train team to build eco-friendly bungalows for themselves

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Custom build developer establishes West Midlands projects

Thirty zero-carbon custom build homes earmarked for sites in Staffordshire and Telford

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Scottish council to develop self/custom build options in major housing strategy

Local authority commits to bring forward sites for people to build or customise a home for themselves as part of a drive to deliver 25,000 new homes by 2025

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Case Studies

Steel Farm

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Merlin Haven

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Timber Frame Home, Ventnor

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Aldcliffe Yard, Lancaster

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Walthamstow Social Rent Scheme

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Prefabricated Passivhaus bungalow

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Cookham Dean, Berkshire

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Harvest House

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Bickleigh Eco Village, Devon

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Stoke-on-Trent Serviced Building Plots

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Forevergreen House

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Housing People Building Communities

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Sülzer Freunde, Cologne

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Berlin - 'Building Groups'

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Manor Farm, Kirton

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Straw-baling, Perthshire

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Low-cost Irish House

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Lancaster Cohousing

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Cropthorne

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St Just In Roseland

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Almere, Holland

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Top tips

Kevin McCloud's
Top Tip

Kevin McCloud's Top Tip Read more

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Finance and Fees: Budget Advice

Budget advice

Budgeting can make or break a project. The more accurate your estimates, and calculations, the more likely you will build your dream home without any crippling over spends.

Things to keep in mind: a contingency of 10–20% will act as a cushion against unexpected costs. Most people suggest a 10% contingency for a flat site where the ground conditions are known, and 20% for a sloping site or one where you’re not sure what may lie below. A very rough guide is that one degree of slope costs an extra £1,000, so a 45% degree slope may give you fantastic views, and easier drainage, but may cost an extra £45,000 in groundworks. The exact amount depends on a number of relevant factors, including ground stability, the water table, and whether the spoil has to be taken to landfill. Groundworks are normally the part of building a house which is the most difficult to cost accurately in advance.

Changing your mind about the layout or specification of your home as you go can dramatically increase the costs. So work out exactly what you want before you start on site, and then stick to it. The more time you spend planning in advance; the more likely you are to keep to your budget.

On a new house you will probably be eligible for a fair sized VAT refund – typically you may reclaim about £10,000 on the cost of the building materials you use. But you have to pay the VAT out before you can reclaim it, you have to keep good records, and you have to reclaim the VAT within three months of completion. About a third of all self builders fail to do this, so they miss out of a big tax refund.

Some Top Tips for making your budget go as far as possible include:

  • Comparing costs and negotiating. A good negotiator will compare different prices from materials suppliers, professional consultants and trades people and haggle to get the best possible deal. On a big project this could save you £50,000-100,000.
  • You could also project manage the construction work yourself (provided you know what you are doing!). Or you may be able to learn some relevant building skills, and do some of the physical construction work. You may also be able to rope in skilled colleagues or friends or family to help you.
  • Don’t be in a hurry in the earliest stages – remember, time spent planning and working out every detail up front will pay dividends later on.
  • Avoid a high-end specification – you could spend £300 on a bathroom suite, or £30,000.
  • Opt for a simple, rational design – for example a basic rectangular building will usually be cheaper to build than one that has a more complex footprint or multiple rooflines. The choice of the basic method of construction you use can be significant too – for example basic timber framed homes can be about 10% cheaper than brick and block homes.
  • Secure, waterproof storage on site will enable you to buy cheaply in advance, and keep materials and tools safe for when they are needed.
  • Any changes to the plans must be communicated with the relevant contractors. At the very least, stick a copy of the latest amended plans to an inside wall, so contractors know about the wall you’ve moved, or the extra sockets you realised you needed.

For general guidance on how to make your budget go as far as possible, see:

The Self Build Portal's Interactive Guide can be a good budget estimating tool. There are several other free online ready reckoners available that will also help you get a better estimate of the rough cost of your proposed home:

Sometimes a self builder will employ a quantity surveyor (QS) or a building estimator to prepare really detailed construction estimates for them. To find a good QS or estimator, ask other self builders near you who they used and if they would recommend them. You can also get details of local QSs from the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

If you are hunting for a building estimator, try the The Chartered Institute of Building 
(on the right under the heading 'Find a CBC', they have a search facility. If you use "estimating" as a search term, you’ll get a list of relevant members near to you).

You could also try:

There are also a growing number of online estimating services such as:

Finally, there are a number of paid for software packages to help self builders work out their own construction costs, and there are several building cost guidance books available. Check:

Related Links: